By Sondoss Elsawah and Anthony J. Jakeman
As we enter a new decade with numerous looming social and environmental issues, what are the challenges and opportunities facing the scientific community to unlock the potential of socio-environmental systems modeling?
What is socio-environmental systems modelling?
Socio-environmental systems modelling:
- involves developing and/or applying models to investigate complex problems arising from interactions among human (ie. social, economic) and natural (ie. biophysical, ecological, environmental) systems.
- can be used to support multiple goals, such as informing decision making and actionable science, promoting learning, education and communication.
- is based on a diverse set of computational modeling approaches, including system dynamics, Bayesian networks, agent-based models, dynamic stochastic equilibrium models, statistical microsimulation models and hybrid approaches.